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India and the NPT: 2015 Review Conference and Beyond

Reshmi Kazi
April 2015

The quinquennial review conference of the NPT is to be held from April 27 to May 22, 2015. After the failure of the last NPT RevCon held in 2010 hope has once again re-surfaced amongst the international community, including India for a strengthened nuclear non-proliferation regime. The initial success of the three Preparatory Committee (PrepCom) meetings held in 2012, 2013 and 2014 is believed to have laid the foundation for successful NPT deliberations that is expected to reduce the salience on nuclear weapons and steer the world towards nuclear disarmament. With added emphasis on new aspects like humanitarian impact of nuclear weapons and the third item agenda on “Recommendations for the implementation of Transparency and Confidence-Building Measures in Outer Space activities, enormous expectations are impinged upon the 2015 RevCon to deliver initiatives for a safe, secure, peaceful and stable world order. India though a non-NPT state is part of this global initiative and has undertaken significant efforts to uphold the spirit of the Non Proliferation Treaty objectives.

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Reshmi Kazi (Ph.D) is Associate Fellow in the Institute for Defence Studies and Analyses, New Delhi. She specializes in areas of nuclear non-proliferation, nuclear terrorism and nuclear disarmament issues. She completed her doctorate from Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi. Her doctoral thesis is on ‘Evolution of India’s Nuclear Doctrine: A Study of Political, Economic and Technological Dimensions.’ Her latest monograph is “Nuclear Terrorism: The Grand New Terror of the 21st Century” (IDSA Monograph Series, No. 27, October 2013).